Back to: Jss1 Security Education (NVE)
Topic: Common Crimes
A crime is an unlawful conduct for which a person may face government punishment; it is an offense against the law of the nation that is subject to legal sanctions, according to the free Merriam-Webster dictionary.
Simply put, a crime is any unlawful behaviour prohibited by the law of the nation. A criminal is a person who commits a crime.
Crime entails breaking the country’s laws and depending on how severe the offence is, it might result in harsh punishment.
The numerous sorts of crime include the following;
- Personal crime, which includes rape, robbery, serious assault, murder, and other crimes that cause physical damage or injury, is highly frequent among young people.
- Property crimes, such as burglary, theft, arson, and others, are often committed by young people in metropolitan areas but do not result in bodily damage or injury.
- Organized crime: This refers to offences involving the distribution of unlawful commodities perpetrated by a specific group of persons. Examples include firearms, drug trafficking, money laundering, the sale of hard narcotics, illicit gambling, and more.
- White-collar crimes: These are offences perpetrated by those in positions of power in society, including politicians, businessmen, women, well-known experts, etc. This involves tax avoidance, breaking the law, and embezzling money from the government or employers, among other things.
- Victimless crimes: These include unlawful drug usage, prostitution, illegal gambling, etc.; there are never any victims or complainants in these types of crimes, which are also known as crimes against morals.
WEEK 2 – 3
Presenting false information, whether orally or in writing, is lying. it is an untrue statement, a false statement, or the act of making something false by deceptive alterations, and may have the following forms:
1. use of forged documents: It is dishonest to use forged credentials for things like school admission or employment.
2. Wrong information on tax filings or other crucial documents.
3. Lying under oath: lying about one’s age, place of birth, or other crucial details might be done to obtain an advantage.
Causes of Falsehood
1. The need to cover up an offence: individuals use lies to hide the offence they have committed.
2. A desire for money; most businesspeople cheat their clients to gain disproportionate profits from them.
3. The desire for an honourable position: some people lie to advance in their careers.
4. Penalties; sometimes, people accused of committing crimes utter falsehoods to avoid paying the price.
5. The need to maintain one’s honour, respect, and dignity: Some individuals lie to maintain the respect and honour they have from society.
Effects of Falsehood
1. Cheating: dishonest businesspeople take advantage of their clients and earn illegal gains.
2. Low productivity: People who use fraudulent certificates to get jobs will ultimately lose their productivity since they are ineffective at work.
3. Economic development is moving slowly due to poor productivity brought on by inefficiency.
4. High cost of living; a price increase will cause inflation, further increasing costs.
Prevention of Falsehood
1. Satisfaction; members of society should learn to be happy with what they have.
2. Honesty; Everyone should make an effort to act honestly in all aspects of life, including business, government, and personal relationships.
3. Harsh penalties: those discovered to have lied under oath should be dealt with appropriately to deter others from using any deception.
4. It’s important to promote truth.
5. Good parental and leadership examples.
WEEK 4 & 5
Causes of Theft
The causes of theft include the following;;
1. Lack of contentment
2. Materialism and a desire for wealth
4. Kleptomania; This is the act of stealing for no justifiable cause other than the fact that the offender feels like taking what is not his.
5. Influence from peer groups.
6. being slack
Effects of Theft
Theft’s negative effects include:
Prevention of Theft
1. A strong moral foundation.
2. Good examples of behaviour.
3. following religious commandments.
4. Strict penalties for offenders.
6. Reject indolence.
WEEK 6 & 7
Rape and Murder
Meaning of Rape
Rape is when a person of the opposing gender is forced into a sexual connection. Most victims are female, and since violence is involved, it is a crime.
Types of Rapes.
1. stranger rape; in this kind of rape, the victim has never met the perpetrator.
2. Date rape; this happens between two dating partners.
3. Acquaintance Rape: This is a kind of rape in which the victim is acquainted with the attacker. Date rape is an example.
4. Marital rape takes place when a husband and wife are together.
5. Statutory rape. In this kind of rape, an adult rapes a victim at least 18 years old, like a 60-year-old man raping a 7-year-old girl.
Causes of Rape
1. Pornographic exposure
2. Peer pressure
3. Activity at unusual hours
4. Indecent dressing
5. Immoral music
7. Occult practices
Lack of discipline
Prevention of Rape
1. Avoid going alone in isolated or solid areas at night or during the day to avoid being sexually assaulted.
2. Strict penalties for offenders: the government should enforce harsh penalties on those found guilty of rape to deter others,
3. Public awareness campaigns: Governmental and non-governmental groups should step up their efforts to educate the public about rape and how to prevent being a victim.
4. Pay attention to the company you keep: stroll and move with individuals you can rely on.
5. Be alert during social gatherings: To prevent being drugged, avoid consuming any beverage you are unsure about, and bring your drinks with you everywhere you go, even to the restroom, if required.
Effects of Rape
1. Psychological trauma
2. Health issues
3. Risk of acquiring AIDS or HIV
4. Stigmatization in society
WEEK 8 & 9
Murder is the illegal taking of another person’s life; it also refers to the murder of a person.
Murder is the illegal taking of another person’s life; it also refers to the murder of a person. Degree of Murder
1. First-degree murder: This crime occurs when someone murders another individual on purpose.
2. Second-degree murder, which is the purposeful death of a person without having made any prior plans, involves murdering someone with malice.
3. Felony murder: When a person is killed while doing another crime and it is neither planned nor intended, it is classified as a felony.
Causes of murder
1. unchecked rage 2. jealousy
6. Business agreements
7. Land Conflict
EFFECTS OF MURDER
1. Psychological devastation to the family; the murder victim suffers grief and heartache.
2. Mental illness; a companion of a horrifyingly murdered individual may have a neurological condition.
3. Financial trouble; If the family’s breadwinner is killed, life may be very tough financially for everyone.
4. Live in prison; those who commit murder may get this punishment.
Prevention of Murder
4. Refrain from becoming a jealous person in business or politics.
5. Review religious scriptures.
6. Stay far from drug users.