Back to: Jss1 Home Economics (PVS)
Topic: Cosmetic and Deodorants
WEEK: 1 & 2
Cosmetics and deodorants are products that are used by people worldwide to enhance their appearance and maintain their personal hygiene. Cosmetics are products that are applied to the skin, hair, or nails to improve their appearance, while deodorants are products that are used to reduce body odour. Both cosmetics and deodorants are an essential part of personal care, and they have been used for centuries by people all over the world.
Cosmetics come in various forms such as powders, creams, gels, and liquids, and they are used to enhance the natural beauty of the skin, hair, and nails. Some of the common types of cosmetics include lipstick, mascara, eye shadow, foundation, and nail polish. Cosmetics are not only used to enhance appearance but also to protect the skin from the harmful effects of the environment.
Deodorants, on the other hand, are products that are designed to control body odour caused by the bacterial breakdown of sweat. They come in different forms such as sprays, roll-ons, sticks, and gels, and they work by killing the bacteria that cause odour or by masking the odour with a fragrance. Deodorants are an important part of personal hygiene, and they help people to feel fresh and confident throughout the day.
The Importance of Cosmetics and Deodorants
Importance of cosmetics
- Enhance appearance: Cosmetics can enhance one’s appearance and give them confidence, especially in social or professional settings.
- Protection from the environment: Certain cosmetics, such as sunscreen and moisturizers, can protect the skin from the damaging effects of the sun, wind, and pollution.
- Boost self-esteem: The use of cosmetics can boost self-esteem, improve self-image, and make one feel good about themselves.
- Health benefits: Cosmetics can have health benefits such as moisturizing dry skin or reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
- Cultural significance: Cosmetics have cultural significance and can be used to express identity, tradition, and social status.
- Improve mental health: The act of applying cosmetics can have a calming and therapeutic effect and can be used as a form of self-care.
- Enhance sensory experience: Cosmetics can enhance the sensory experience by providing pleasing scents, textures, and colours.
- Professional purposes: In certain professions, such as acting, modelling, or beauty industries, cosmetics are necessary to achieve a certain look or aesthetic.
- Aesthetic preferences: Cosmetics can be used to enhance one’s aesthetic preferences and style, expressing individuality and creativity.
- Sense of control: Cosmetics can give individuals a sense of control over their appearance and how they present themselves to the world.
Importance of deodorants
- Control body odour: Deodorants are primarily used to control body odour and keep individuals smelling fresh throughout the day.
- Personal hygiene: Deodorants are part of personal hygiene, and keeping clean and smelling good is an important aspect of maintaining good health.
- Improve confidence: Using deodorants can improve confidence and make individuals feel more comfortable in social situations.
- Prevent skin irritation: Deodorants can help prevent skin irritation caused by sweat and friction, especially in sensitive areas such as underarms.
- Prevent bacterial growth: Deodorants contain antibacterial agents that prevent the growth of odour-causing bacteria.
- Reduce sweating: Some deodorants contain antiperspirant properties that help reduce sweating, which can be especially beneficial for individuals with hyperhidrosis.
- Minimize stains: Deodorants can help minimize sweat stains on clothing, which can be unsightly and embarrassing.
- Maintain personal hygiene: Using deodorants can help maintain personal hygiene and prevent the spread of germs and bacteria.
- Prevent body odour-related health issues: Body odour can be a sign of underlying health issues such as infections, hormonal imbalances, or metabolic disorders. Using deodorants can help prevent these issues from developing.
- Social expectations: In many cultures, the use of deodorants is expected as a part of personal hygiene and social norms. Not using deodorants can lead to social ostracization and disapproval.
Factors to Consider in the Choice of cosmetics and deodorants
Factors to Consider in the Choice of Cosmetics
- Skin type: Consider your skin type when choosing cosmetics, as different products are formulated for different skin types. If you have oily skin, for example, you may want to look for oil-free or mattifying products.
- Ingredients: It’s important to read the ingredients list and avoid products that contain ingredients you’re allergic to or that may cause irritation or harm to your skin.
- Brand reputation: Choose brands with a good reputation for producing high-quality, safe products.
- Price: Consider your budget when choosing cosmetics. Remember that expensive products are not always the best, and affordable options can be just as effective.
- Personal preferences: Take into account your personal preferences, such as scent or texture, when selecting cosmetics.
- Purpose: Consider the purpose of the product, whether it’s for daily use or special occasions.
- Packaging: Packaging should be practical and easy to use, as well as aesthetically pleasing.
- Expiration date: Check the expiration date before purchasing, and discard products that have expired.
- Environmental impact: Look for products that are environmentally friendly, such as those with recyclable packaging.
- Reviews: Read reviews from other consumers to get an idea of the product’s effectiveness and safety.
Factors to Consider in the Choice of Deodorants
- Skin type: Consider your skin type when choosing a deodorant, as some products may irritate sensitive skin.
- Active ingredients: Choose a deodorant with active ingredients that work for you, such as aluminium-based antiperspirants or natural deodorants that use essential oils.
- Effectiveness: Look for a deodorant that effectively controls odour and sweat.
- Fragrance: Choose a fragrance that appeals to you, but be aware that some fragrances may be overpowering or cause allergies.
- Brand reputation: Choose brands with a good reputation for producing safe, effective products.
- Price: Consider your budget when choosing a deodorant.
- Application method: Consider the application method, such as spray, roll-on, or stick, and choose one that you find easy to use.
- Longevity: Look for a deodorant that lasts all day to avoid the need for reapplication.
- Skin sensitivity: If you have sensitive skin, choose a deodorant that is free of harsh chemicals and fragrances.
- Health concerns: If you have concerns about the potential health risks of certain ingredients in deodorants, such as aluminium, look for natural or aluminium-free options.
use of Cosmetics and Deodorants
Uses of Cosmetics
- Enhancing facial features: Cosmetics can be used to highlight and enhance different facial features, such as eyes, lips, and cheeks.
- Correcting blemishes: Cosmetics can be used to cover up skin blemishes, such as acne, scars, or dark circles under the eyes.
- Sun protection: Some cosmetics contain ingredients that can provide protection against harmful UV rays, reducing the risk of sunburn and skin cancer.
- Moisturizing: Many cosmetics, such as creams and lotions, contain moisturizing ingredients that help keep the skin hydrated and soft.
- Camouflaging imperfections: Cosmetics can be used to conceal imperfections, such as wrinkles or fine lines, to create a more youthful appearance.
- Enhancing natural beauty: Some cosmetics are designed to enhance a person’s natural beauty, rather than changing their appearance entirely.
- Self-expression: Cosmetics can be used as a form of self-expression, allowing people to experiment with different colours and styles.
- Boosting confidence: Wearing cosmetics can boost a person’s confidence, helping them feel more comfortable and self-assured in social situations.
- Aromatherapy: Some cosmetics, such as perfumes or scented lotions, contain fragrances that can have a calming or uplifting effect on a person’s mood.
- Protection against pollution: Cosmetics can help protect the skin against pollution and other environmental stressors that can damage the skin.
Uses of Deodorants
- Eliminating body odour: Deodorants are primarily used to prevent body odour by neutralizing the bacteria that cause it.
- Reducing sweat: Some deodorants also contain antiperspirant ingredients that can help reduce the amount of sweat produced by the body.
- Enhancing fragrance: Many deodorants also contain fragrances that can leave a pleasant scent on the skin.
- Boosting confidence: Wearing deodorant can help a person feel more confident and comfortable in social situations, knowing that they smell fresh and clean.
- Staying fresh all day: Deodorants provide long-lasting protection against odor and sweat, helping a person feel fresh and clean throughout the day.
- Preventing stains: Some deodorants contain ingredients that can help prevent yellow stains on clothing caused by sweat.
- Skin conditioning: Some deodorants contain moisturizing ingredients that can help soothe and condition the skin.
- Reducing irritation: Deodorants can also help reduce skin irritation and inflammation caused by shaving or other activities.
- Protection against bacteria: Deodorants can help protect the skin against harmful bacteria that can cause infections or other skin problems.
- Affordable personal hygiene: Deodorants are an affordable and convenient way to maintain personal hygiene and prevent body odour.
Procedures for Applying Cosmetics and Deodorants
Procedures for Applying Cosmetics
- Cleansing: Before applying cosmetics, it’s important to start with a clean slate. Wash your face with a gentle cleanser, and then pat it dry.
- Moisturizing: Once your face is clean, apply a moisturizer to your skin. This will help your makeup go on smoothly and stay in place.
- Applying Primer: Apply a primer to help your makeup stay put for longer. This will also help to minimize the appearance of pores and fine lines.
- Applying Foundation: Choose a foundation that matches your skin tone and apply it with a brush or sponge. Blend it evenly over your entire face, including your neck.
- Concealer: Use a concealer to cover up any blemishes or dark circles under your eyes. Apply it in a dabbing motion with your fingers or a brush, blending it in well.
- Powder: Use a translucent powder to set your makeup in place. This will help it last longer and prevent any shine.
- Blush: Apply blush to the apples of your cheeks, blending it outwards towards your hairline.
- Eye Makeup: Apply eyeshadow, eyeliner, and mascara to your eyes to enhance their natural beauty.
- Lipstick/Lipgloss: Finish off your look by applying lipstick or lipgloss to your lips.
Procedures for Applying Deodorant
- Clean and dry your underarms: Before applying deodorant, make sure your underarms are clean and dry.
- Shake the deodorant can or roll-on bottle: This will help to mix the ingredients and ensure an even application.
- Apply deodorant: Roll on the deodorant or spray it onto your underarms. Be sure to apply it evenly and cover the entire area.
- Let the deodorant dry: Allow the deodorant to dry completely before getting dressed to avoid staining your clothes.
- Reapply if necessary: If you’re active or sweating, you may need to reapply deodorant throughout the day to stay fresh and odour-free.
Indigenous cosmetics refer to beauty products that are sourced locally and traditionally used by people in a particular region or culture. They are made from natural ingredients and often have some cultural significance. The use of indigenous cosmetics has been in practice for generations, and they are still relevant in modern times.
- Eye make-up “tiro” (Yoruba) or “tanjere” (Igbo): This is a cosmetic product made from the powdered seeds of a local plant. It is used as eyeliner, and it is applied with a special stick reserved for the purpose. It gives the eyes a dark, bold look and is said to enhance their beauty.
- Cam wood powder “uhe” (Igbo) or “oshun” (Yoruba): This is a red wood that is ground into a fine powder or made into a paste by mixing with water and palm oil. It is used on the face and body, and it is said to have a smoothening effect on the skin. It is also believed to have some healing properties.
- Body paint “uri or uli” (Igbo): This is a special body paint made from the bark, seeds, or roots of certain trees. It is used to create intricate designs on the body, especially on the face, and it has some medicinal effects.
- “Lali or lalle”: This is a special make-up made from the leaves of a particular tree. The leaves are ground into a paste and mixed with lemon or lime juice. It is commonly used by women in the northern parts of Nigeria to paint their fingernails and toenails and create designs on their hands and feet.
- “Nzu” (Igbo) or “Efun” (Yoruba): This is a local chalk that is ground into a powder and applied to the face and body. It is used to create intricate designs, especially during traditional ceremonies and celebrations.
- “Edo or odo” (Igbo): This is a yellow substance that is made into a paste and applied to the skin. It is said to have a smoothening effect on the skin, and it is often used to enhance beauty.
- Shea Butter: Shea butter is a popular natural cosmetic product that is indigenous to many African countries, including Nigeria. It is derived from the nuts of the shea tree and is rich in fatty acids and vitamins. Shea butter is commonly used as a moisturizer for the skin, hair, and lips, and it is also used to treat various skin conditions.
- Coconut oil: Coconut oil is another popular natural cosmetic product that is widely used in Nigeria. It is derived from the meat of coconuts and is rich in fatty acids and antioxidants. Coconut oil is commonly used as a moisturizer for the skin and hair, and it is also used to treat various skin conditions.
- Aloe Vera: Aloe vera is a succulent plant that is indigenous to many parts of the world, including Nigeria. Its gel is rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants and has a cooling and soothing effect on the skin. Aloe vera gel is commonly used as a moisturizer for the skin and hair, and it is also used to treat various skin conditions.
- Black Soap: Black soap is a traditional African soap that is made from the ash of plantain skins, cocoa pods, and palm leaves. It is rich in antioxidants and has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Black soap is commonly used as a facial cleanser and body soap, and it is also used to treat various skin conditions.