Back to: Jss1 Physical and Health Education (BST)
WEEK: 4 & 5
Discuss is a track and field event that involves throwing a heavy discus as far as possible. The sport has been part of the Olympic Games since ancient times and is still a popular event today.
The discus used in competition weighs 2 kilograms (4.4 pounds) for men and 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) for women. The discus is made of wood, rubber, plastic, or a combination of these materials, and has a metal rim. The discus is thrown from a circle that is 2.5 meters (8.2 feet) in diameter.
To compete in discus, athletes must have strength, speed, and coordination. The athlete begins by standing at the back of the circle, holding the discus in one hand. The athlete then spins around in the circle, building up speed and momentum. At the front of the circle, the athlete releases the discus, throwing it as far as possible.
The distance of the throw is measured from the point where the discus first lands to the inside edge of the circle. The athlete is allowed to take a foul throw if they step outside the circle or if they release the discus outside of the throwing sector.
There are several techniques used in discus throwing, including the spin technique and the glide technique. The spin technique involves the athlete spinning several times in the circle before releasing the discus, while the glide technique involves the athlete taking several steps in the circle before releasing the discus.
Discus requires a great deal of training and practice to master. Athletes must develop their strength, speed, and coordination through weight training, cardiovascular exercise, and practice with the discus.
Nature of the discus
The discus is a type of throwing event in track and field athletics. The discus is a circular object made of a heavy metal rim and a central hub. The outer edge of the rim is typically made of steel or another dense metal, while the centre of the discus is made of lighter material such as plastic.
In competition, athletes stand within a throwing circle that is 2.5 meters (8.2 feet) in diameter and throw the discus as far as they can. The throw is measured from the inner edge of the throwing circle to where the discus first lands.
The men’s discus weighs 2 kilograms (4.4 pounds) and has a diameter of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches), while the women’s discus weighs 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) and has a diameter of 18 centimetres (7.1 inches).
Discus throwing requires a combination of strength, speed, and technique. Athletes must generate a significant amount of rotational force to launch the discus as far as possible. They typically spin around inside the throwing circle several times before releasing the discus in a smooth, controlled motion.
The distance of the throw is influenced by many factors, including the athlete’s strength and technique, the speed and direction of the wind, and the quality of the discus itself. The winner of a discus competition is the athlete who throws the discus the farthest.
Basic/Fundamental Skills in Discus
The basic skills in discus are the necessary movement possibilities that are vital to ensure the successful delivery of the discus, these skills are as follows-
Discus is a track and field event that requires a combination of physical and technical skills. Here are some basic/fundamental skills in Discus sport:
- Proper Grip: A proper grip on the discus is essential for a good throw. The athlete should grip the discus with the fingers and the palm of the hand, with the index and middle fingers spread wide apart and placed on the rim of the discus.
- Balance and Stability: Good balance and stability are necessary for a good throw. The athlete should maintain a stable base throughout the throw, keeping the feet shoulder-width apart and weight evenly distributed.
- Power and Strength: Discus throwing requires explosive power and strength in the lower body, especially in the legs and hips. The athlete should use the power generated from the lower body to transfer energy to the upper body for an effective throw.
- Proper Wind-up: The wind-up is a crucial aspect of the throw. The athlete should start with a slow, controlled wind-up, and then increase speed as they approach the final release.
- Release Technique: The release technique is critical for a successful throw. The athlete should release the discus at the right time and angle to achieve maximum distance. The discus should be released with a flick of the wrist, and the fingers should be pointed towards the direction of the throw.
- Mental Focus: Discus throwing requires a high level of mental focus and concentration. The athlete should visualize a successful throw before stepping into the throwing circle, and maintain focus throughout the throw.
- Practice and Training: Consistent practice and training are necessary to improve technique and build strength and endurance. The athlete should work on specific aspects of the throw, such as footwork, wind-up, and release technique, and incorporate weightlifting and other exercises to build strength and power.
Rules and Regulations in Discus
- Equipment: The discus used in competition must be made of wood or synthetic material and have a metal rim. It must weigh at least 2 kg (4.4 lbs) for men and 1 kg (2.2 lbs) for women.
- Throwing Circle: The throwing circle is a 2.5-meter diameter circle made of concrete or other suitable material. The athlete must remain inside the circle during the throw and cannot step over the edge of the circle until the discus has landed.
- Start of the Throw: The athlete must start the throw from a stationary position within the throwing circle. The discus must be held with one hand and thrown with one hand. The athlete cannot touch the ground outside the circle during the throw.
- Foul Throws: A foul throw occurs when the athlete steps out of the throwing circle before the discus lands or touches the ground outside the sector lines. If the athlete commits a foul, the throw is not measured and does not count towards their score.
- Measurement of Throws: The distance of each throw is measured from the inner edge of the throwing circle to the point where the discus first touches the ground. The longest throw out of the six attempts is counted as the final score.
- Timing of the Throws: Each athlete is given six attempts to throw the discus, with the top eight athletes advancing to the final round. In the final round, each athlete is given three additional throws, with the top three athletes receiving medals based on their best throws.
- Conduct and Penalties: The athlete must follow all rules and regulations of the event and act in a sportsmanlike manner. Any athlete who violates the rules may be disqualified from the competition and may face additional penalties, such as a suspension or fine.
Facilities and Equipment in Discus
Discus is a track and field sport that requires specialized facilities and equipment for training and competition. Here are some of the key facilities and equipment used in discus:
- Discus Circle: The discus circle is a specially designed area where the athlete stands and throws the discus. The circle is usually made of concrete and is 2.5 meters in diameter.
- Throwing Sector: The throwing sector is a marked area of the field that surrounds the discus circle. It is usually made of grass and is at least 34.92 meters in diameter for men and 30 meters for women.
- Landing Area: The landing area is a sector of the field where the discus lands after it has been thrown. It is usually made of sand or other soft materials to absorb the impact of the discus.
- Discus: The discus is a heavy, circular object that is made of metal, rubber or plastic. It weighs 2kg for men and 1kg for women.
- Throwing Shoes: Throwing shoes are specially designed shoes that provide support and stability for the athlete during the throwing motion. They usually have a flat sole and a low heel to allow for maximum transfer of power from the legs to the discus.
- Gloves: Some discus throwers wear gloves to provide extra grip on the discus and prevent blisters on their hands.
- Wrist Wraps: Wrist wraps provide support and stability for the athlete’s wrists during the throwing motion.
- Tape Measure: A tape measure is used to measure the distance of each throw from the throwing sector to the point where the discus lands in the landing area.
- Marking Cone: A marking cone is used to mark the spot where the discus lands in the landing area for easy measurement.
Safety Measures In Discus Throw
Discus throw is a track and field event that requires the athlete to spin and release a heavy discus. As with any athletic activity, safety measures are important to prevent injury to the athlete and others. Here are some safety measures that should be followed in the discus throw:
- Warm-up and stretch: Before starting the event, it is important to warm up and stretch to prevent injury. The athlete should perform some light jogging, dynamic stretching, and mobility exercises.
- Wear proper gear: The athlete should wear proper clothing, including athletic shoes with good traction and ankle support, and a proper throwing glove. Additionally, they should wear safety gear like elbow and knee pads, and a helmet to protect themselves.
- Choose a safe throwing area: The throwing area should be free from any obstruction and should have a wide landing area. It should be surrounded by safety nets or cages to prevent the discus from flying off and injuring anyone.
- Respect others’ space: Athletes should be mindful of other athletes, coaches, and spectators and should maintain a safe distance from them while throwing.
- Proper technique: It is important to use proper technique while throwing the discus. Coaches should ensure that the athlete is using the correct form, including a stable and balanced stance and a smooth release.
- Supervision: The discus throw event should always be supervised by coaches or officials who are trained in the sport and can ensure that safety measures are being followed.
Warm-Up Activities for Discus Event
Warm-up exercise is very essential and important before the commencement of any activity in athletics because it reduces the chances of sustaining an injury, it also helps to raise muscle tone and to keep the athlete mentally alert and also helps to develop self-confidence and courage before an activity. The following exercise activities can be practised before throwing the discus.
- Jogging or running – Start with a light jog to get your blood flowing and heart rate up. Gradually increase the pace and intensity as you warm up.
- Stretching – Focus on stretching your shoulders, back, legs, and core muscles. Stretching helps to loosen up your muscles and reduces the risk of injury.
- Arm circles – Stand with your arms extended straight out to the sides and rotate your arms in a circular motion. Gradually increase the size of the circles.
- Lunges – Step forward with one leg and lower your body until your back knee is almost touching the ground. Alternate legs and repeat.
- Medicine ball throws – Hold a medicine ball and practice throwing it with an overhand motion. This helps to warm up your throwing muscles.
- Discus drills – Practice throwing the discus with light throws and focus on your technique. Start with small throws and gradually increase the distance.