Back to: Jss2 Security Education (NVE)
Topic: Emergency Management
WEEK: 1 & 2
An emergency is a sudden occurrence that might result in fatalities, significant injuries, and damage to nearby persons and property.
Emergency management is establishing a pathway that assists residents in lowering the likelihood of risks and learning how to deal with them.
The three main phases of emergency management are preparation, timely action, and complete recovery.
1. The aspect of preparation: Relates to readiness: the government or agency provides its staff with the tools they need to react to crises quickly,
2. Prompt Response: If the level of readiness is relatively low, this second step cannot be accomplished. This condition entails moving individuals, resources, and equipment to the incident scene. Depending on the incident, different actions are required to avoid a crisis.
3. During this stage, efforts are made to return the afflicted region to its original condition while also taking steps to lessen victims’ suffering or loss.
Types of Emergency Situations
1. Road Accidents
2. Fire Accidents
4. Food Poisoning
5. Building Collapse
Ways of Responding to Emergencies
1. Keep your composure
2. Avoid panicking,
3. Be in a safe position to offer assistance,
4. Look for any blood.
5. Look for fractures or fractured bones as well as shock symptoms.
6. Contact NEMA or the police.
7. Keep the sufferer calm, warm, and still.
Emergency Situation in School
Since schools are a crucial component of society, they are not immune to any of the aforementioned crises. As a result, emergencies at schools may include fires, drownings, chemical spills on pupils, etc.
In addition to the different answers previously mentioned, the following are suggestions for assisting in an emergency;
1. Remain composed and silent; 2. Dissolve other pupils from the area
3. Transport the ill person to the school clinic for first help.
4. If required, take the student to the closest hospital.
5. Get in touch with the parents and let them know what you’ve already done for their kids.
6. Depending on the nature of the situation, use any means to assist the victim.
WEEK 3 & 4
Responding to Emergencies at Home
Home emergencies include fire, drowning, asphyxia, falls, cuts, and more.
1. Be silent and composed
2. Provide first assistance.
3. In case of an emergency, dial 911.
4. Employ additional emergency response techniques appropriate to the crisis.
5. Suitably respond to emergency circumstances.
Taking proper action is crucial since it will decide how much we can reduce the harm and losses suffered by event victims. Some of these steps include
1. Remain composed and avoid panic
2. contact NEMA on their emergency lines or the relevant security personnel.
3. Work to control the situation as much as you can before the arrival of experts.
4. If raising the alert would assist fix the issue
5. Get out of there if you have to.
WEEK 5 & 6
Riots are unexpected social unrest that may result in fear, injury, looting, and other adverse outcomes.
Additionally, it involves a group of people violently upsetting the peace in the community.
Most of the time, local youths and other angry youths riot.
Forms Of Riot
1. Religious riot
2. Student riot
3. Sport riot
4. Political riot
5. Economic riot
6. Prison Riot
7. Ethnic /Tribuna
Causes of RIOT
Any of the following factors might spark a riot:
1. cultists who reside in the region.
2. Political issues, including election outcomes, etc.
3. Unemployed youth’s response to financial difficulties
4. The untimely passing of a prominent member of society, such as Abiola in 1993 or Senator Adeleke in Osun State in 2017, etc.
5. Intolerance of religion
6. A lack of harmony amongst ethnic groups
7. Sudden protest against the government’s authority and the school
8. Boundary disputes,
Effects of Riots
2. Property Destruction
3. economic sluggishness
4. Political reticence
5. Increasing government spending to rehabilitate damaged public buildings
6. psychological harm experienced by riot-affected families
Response to Riot
2. Contact the police and other security personnel
3. Use calls, texts, or other means of communication to inform others about the situation.
4. Request radio and TV stations to caution the public against visiting the problem area.
WEEK 7 & 8
In the medical field, fainting, also known as syncope, is the abrupt loss of consciousness over a brief period of time.
On the other hand, collapse is an abrupt drop in a posture that may or may not be accompanied by loss of consciousness. According to the Merriam-Webster online definition, collapse is the breakdown of vital energy, endurance, or self-control due to weariness or illness.
Causes of Fainting and Collapse
1. inadequate ventilation
2. prolonged standing 3. anxiety or panic 4. poor blood circulation
5. Intensive exercise
Prevention of Fainting /Collapse
The following suggestions are made to avoid fainting;
1. Frequent hydration
2. Increased salt consumption
3. Regular exercise, especially walking, is recommended.
4. Refrain from spending a lot of time in lines.
5. Steer clear of lifting bulky items
6. Constantly seek rooms with good ventilation.
7. Prevent heavy activity
Responding to Collapse or Fainting
1. Have the individual lie on his back
2. confirm that the airway is clear; 3. treat any bumps, bruises, or wounds that the individual may have had while falling.
4. If you’re wearing any tight clothes, loosen them.
5. Raise the individual’s leg to improve blood flow to the brain.
6. firmly shake the individual to rouse him or her