Back to: Jss1 Home Economics (PVS)
Topic: Entertainment in The Home
WEEK: 4 & 5
Entertainment in The Home
Entertainment in the home refers to the various activities or sources of enjoyment that individuals or families engage in within the confines of their residence. This can include a wide range of activities, such as watching movies or TV shows, playing video games, listening to music, reading books, engaging in hobbies or crafts, hosting social gatherings, and spending time with family and friends.
With the advent of technology, entertainment in the home has become more accessible and diverse than ever before. Streaming services like Netflix, Hulu, and Amazon Prime have made it easy to watch a wide range of movies and TV shows at any time, while video game consoles and mobile devices offer a plethora of gaming options. Additionally, smart speakers and voice assistants have made it easy to listen to music or podcasts, while e-readers and tablets offer convenient ways to read books and magazines.
Entertainment in the home can be an important aspect of relaxation, leisure, and socialization for individuals and families, providing a source of fun and enjoyment without the need to leave the house.
Meaning of Entertainment
Entertainment refers to any activity or event that is designed to provide enjoyment, amusement, or pleasure to an audience. The meaning of entertainment can vary widely depending on the cultural and social context in which it is experienced. Some common forms of entertainment include:
- Movies, TV shows, and streaming platforms – This is one of the most popular forms of entertainment, which involves watching visual content for the purpose of relaxation, amusement, or learning.
- Music – This refers to the art of creating and performing music, which is designed to evoke emotions and provide pleasure to the listener.
- Sports and games – This refers to various physical activities that are played for enjoyment, competition, or exercise.
- Literature – This refers to written works such as novels, poetry, and short stories that are intended to entertain, inform, or educate the reader.
- Theatre and performing arts – This refers to live performances such as plays, musicals, and dance shows that are performed for an audience.
Importance of Entertainment
Entertainment plays an important role in our lives, and its importance can be seen in various ways:
- Building relationships: Entertainment provides an opportunity for people to come together, have fun, and build relationships. Whether it’s a family gathering, a party with friends, or a community event, entertainment brings people together and helps create a sense of belonging.
- Practice in hosting: Hosting an event requires a set of skills, such as planning, organizing, and communicating. Entertainment provides an opportunity to practice and develop these skills, whether it’s hosting a small dinner party or a larger event.
- Sharing the love: Entertainment is a way of expressing love and appreciation for others. When we entertain, we are showing that we care about the people around us and want to make them happy.
- Happiness: Entertainment brings joy and happiness to people’s lives. Whether it’s watching a movie, listening to music, or attending a comedy show, entertainment has the power to lift our spirits and make us feel good.
- Learning to treat others: Entertainment can also help us learn how to treat others with respect and consideration. When we entertain, we are mindful of the needs and feelings of our guests and work to make them feel comfortable and welcome.
- Skill development: Entertainment can also help us develop new interests and skills. Whether it’s learning to cook new dishes, playing a musical instrument, or practising public speaking, entertainment can be a platform for personal growth and development.
- Serving others: Entertainment can also teach us how to serve others. Whether it’s serving food and drinks to our guests or volunteering at a community event, entertainment provides opportunities to practice empathy and compassion for others.
- Relaxation: Finally, entertainment provides a much-needed break from the stresses and pressures of everyday life. It allows us to relax, recharge, and enjoy the company of others, which is essential for good mental and emotional health.
Preparation Procedure for Entertainment
There are many ways of preparing for entertainment. These are the things which the host/ hostess has to do:
Preparation and Sending out Invitation Letters or Cards
When it comes to furnishing a party, there are a few things to keep in mind. However, before you can even think about furniture, it’s important to prepare and send out invitations or cards. This is because your guests are the life of the party, and without them, there can be no entertainment.
- When sending out invitations, it’s important to consider the type of party you’re hosting. Formal parties often require printed invitations, while informal ones may be more casual and allow for verbal or phone invitations. Regardless of the method you choose, a complete invitation should always include the name of the host or hostess, the type of event, the date, time, and place of the party, and the name of the guest.
- Once your invitations are sent, you can begin to focus on the furniture aspect of your party. By considering the type of event you’re hosting, the number of guests attending, and the layout of your space, you can choose the right furniture to create a comfortable and welcoming environment. Whether you opt for cozy seating areas or a more formal dining arrangement, the right furniture can set the tone for a successful party.
Preparation of The House/ Hall/ Venue
When planning a party, the venue or location is an important aspect to consider. The party can be held at the family house or at a hall outside the home.
- To prepare the venue for the party, there are some guidelines to follow. First and foremost, ensure that the space is sufficient for the number of guests expected to attend. Provide enough seats and tables for the guests to sit and enjoy the festivities.
- Cleanliness is key, so make sure to thoroughly clean the room or hall, removing all cobwebs, dust, and dirt from the walls, windows, doors, floors, and other surfaces. The chairs should also be cleaned thoroughly to avoid soiling guests’ clothes.
- Arrange the chairs and tables properly, making sure to leave enough walking space for the guests and for services. There should be spaces between tables to prevent crowding. Decorate the tables with good tablecloths and hang decorative pieces on the walls, ensuring that the colours used are in harmony.
- Properly arranged flowers can add to the decor, but be sure to use large flower arrangements only in small rooms. The room or hall should also be properly ventilated to ensure it is airy, and there should be adequate lighting to create a pleasant atmosphere. By following these guidelines, you can prepare the venue for a successful party that your guests will enjoy.
Collection and Arrangement of Equipment and Materials
When it comes to hosting a successful party, it’s important to have the right equipment and materials on hand. These can include musical equipment such as stereos and accessories, plates, cutlery, cups, napkins, straws for drinks, gifts/souvenirs, drinks, food items, and more. To ensure a seamless experience, all of these items must be carefully collected and arranged prior to the party.
Guidelines for Collection and Arrangement of Equipment and Materials
- Determine the number of guests expected to attend the party: This is an essential step as it determines the quantity of food, drinks, and other party supplies needed. Knowing the number of guests also helps to plan for the party space, seating arrangements, and catering requirements.
- Decide on the types of food and drinks to serve: The type of food and drinks served can make or break a party, and it’s important to choose based on the preferences of your guests. Consider factors such as dietary restrictions, cultural backgrounds, and the occasion of the party when selecting the menu.
- Draw up a shopping list for food, drinks, gifts/souvenirs, decoration materials, etc. Consider the money at hand. Budget within the limit of your money: This step involves creating a shopping list of all the items required for the party. It’s important to keep the budget in mind and prioritize the most critical items.
- Plan for the provision of plates, cutlery, cups, etc. Where possible disposables can be used: When planning for plates, cups, and cutlery, it’s important to consider the number of guests and the type of food being served. Using disposables can save time and effort in the cleaning-up process.
- Plan for a careful serving of drinks, food, and take-away gifts: Careful serving of food and drinks ensures that guests are well catered for and that there’s enough for everyone. Planning for take-away gifts adds a personal touch and shows appreciation for your guests.
- Plan for music equipment and other things: Music can create the right atmosphere for a party, and it’s important to have the right music equipment in place. Other things to plan for include decorations, lighting, and seating arrangements.
- Plan for clearing up and washing plates, and cutlery, It’s important to plan for cleaning up after the party, including washing plates, cutlery, and glasses. Assigning cleaning duties to specific individuals can help make the process more efficient.
- Share responsibilities among those who are going to help with the party: Hosting a party can be overwhelming, and it’s important to share responsibilities among willing and able helpers. This can include tasks such as setting up the party space, serving food, and cleaning up after the party.
- Determine the positions for the placement of equipment, food, and other items in the room or hall: The placement of equipment, food, and other items in the party space can affect the flow of the party. Planning for the best positions ensures guests can move freely and comfortably throughout the event.
- Start all preparations, cooking, arrangement of the hall, etc, well ahead of time: Starting preparations early ensures everything is ready for the party and reduces the likelihood of last-minute stress and panic.
- The host/hostess must be ready to receive the guests before they arrive: Being prepared to receive guests ensures they feel welcome and sets the tone for the rest of the party. The host/hostess should greet guests as they arrive, show them where to put their coats and bags, and make them feel comfortable.
Refreshments/ Food for Entertainment
- The type of party: The type of refreshments or food and the method of serving will depend on the type of party you are hosting. For instance, a tea party will require different types of refreshments and serving methods compared to a cocktail or buffet party. Formal events may require more elegant and formal settings and serving methods, while informal parties can be more relaxed and casual.
- The type of food being served: The type of food being served will also determine the method of serving. For instance, finger foods can be served on trays or platters, while more elaborate dishes may require a buffet or sit-down meal. The type of food being served will also determine the equipment and utensils required, such as serving dishes, cutlery, and plates.
- The duration of the party: The length of time for the party will also influence the type of refreshments and food being served. Longer parties may require more substantial and filling foods, while shorter parties may only require light snacks or appetizers.
- The space available in the room or hall: The space available in the room or hall will determine the type of serving method and equipment required. For instance, a small space may not have enough room for a buffet table, while a larger space may require additional serving stations or equipment.
- The number of people eating: The number of people eating will determine the quantity of food and the number of serving stations required. For instance, a larger group may require multiple serving stations to avoid overcrowding and long wait times.
- The number of people available for serving and clearing up: The number of people available for serving and clearing up will also determine the serving method and equipment required. For instance, a smaller group may only require one or two people to serve, while a larger group may require more staff or volunteers to ensure smooth and efficient service.
Common Styles of Serving Food
- Tray service: Food and drinks are served in individual trays.
- Family-style service: Dinner plates are arranged at each person’s place, and the food is in serving dishes on the table, passed around for guests to help themselves.
- Plate service: Food is placed in each person’s place, either from the kitchen or a corner of the hall. The filled plates are then brought to the table or handed over to guests by hand.
- Buffet service: Plates, napkins, cutlery, food, and drinks are arranged on a buffet table, and guests help themselves to the food. This is a convenient way of serving a large number of guests.
- Plated service: This is a formal style of serving food where individual plates are prepared in the kitchen and then served to guests at the table. Each plate is carefully arranged with a specific portion size, and the food is often garnished to create an elegant presentation.
- French service: This is a luxurious style of serving food where the server prepares the food tableside. Guests are seated at a table, and the server brings in a cart with all the ingredients and necessary equipment. The server then prepares and serves the food to each guest individually.
- Russian service: This is a formal and traditional style of serving food where guests are served by a team of servers. The food is presented on platters, and the servers move around the table, offering each guest a portion of the dish. This style is known for its elegance and precision.
- Tasting menu: This is a modern style of serving food that features a multi-course meal with small portions of each dish. Each course is served separately and may be paired with a specific wine or cocktail. This style is popular in fine dining restaurants and is a way for chefs to showcase their creativity and skill.
- Food stations: This is a popular style of serving food for large events, such as weddings or corporate events. Several food stations are set up around the room, each featuring a different type of cuisine or dish. Guests can move around the room, trying different foods at each station.
- Platter service: This is a casual style of serving food where large platters are placed on the table, and guests serve themselves. This style is often used for informal gatherings, such as picnics or potlucks.
General Responsibilities/ Characteristics of A Host/ Hostess.
Part of the preparations discussed earlier include certain responsibilities that a good host or hostess should undertake. These include:
- Choosing the type of party and discussing it with family members.
- Thoughtfully planning and preparing for the party in advance.
- Deciding on the date, number of guests, food options, and activities for the party.
- Sending invitations well in advance to allow guests to make plans.
- Planning the menu and activities, making a comprehensive shopping list, and shopping wisely.
- Cleaning and decorating the home for the party.
- Getting dressed and ready before guests arrive.
- Welcoming guests, showing them to their seats, and introducing them to each other and your parents.
- Encouraging all guests to participate in activities and ensuring shy guests feel comfortable.
- Serving food thoughtfully and ensuring everyone has enough.
- Being friendly, warm, and enthusiastic while leading and encouraging conversation.
- Seeing guests off at the end of the party and thanking them for attending.
Responsibilities of A Guest
As a guest, it is important to understand that you play a vital role in the success of a party. To ensure that the party goes smoothly and that everyone has a good time, it is important to fulfil certain responsibilities.
- The first responsibility of a guest is to reply to the invitation as soon as possible. This will allow the host to plan accordingly and make necessary arrangements. If you cannot attend, it is important to let the host know immediately.
- Dressing properly for the party is also important. It shows respect for the occasion and the host. Make sure to dress appropriately for the type of event and the location.
- Being punctual is important to avoid interrupting the flow of the party. Arriving on time allows you to participate in all the activities and enjoy the party to its fullest.
- Cooperating with the host is essential to ensure that the party runs smoothly. Follow their instructions, help with any necessary tasks, and be courteous to other guests.
- Treat other guests in a friendly way, even if you do not know them well. It is important to be polite and courteous to everyone and to make an effort to socialize.
- Participating in all the activities planned by the host will help create a fun and lively atmosphere. It also shows appreciation for the effort the host put into planning the party.
- Misbehaving during the party is unacceptable. Avoid excessive drinking or any other behaviour that may cause discomfort or embarrassment to others.
- Respect the host and other guests by following the rules and regulations of the party. Avoid engaging in long private conversations and ignoring other guests, as this can make them feel left out.
- When the party is over, thank the host for their hospitality and go home. This shows appreciation for the effort they put into hosting the party and their time and resources.
Table laying refers to the process of setting a table with the appropriate utensils, plates, glasses, and other items necessary for a meal. It involves arranging the various items in a logical and aesthetically pleasing manner, often with attention to details such as symmetry and colour coordination.
Table laying can vary depending on the occasion, the type of meal being served, and cultural or regional customs. For example, a formal dinner party might require a more elaborate table setting than a casual family dinner. Additionally, different countries or cultures may have specific rules or traditions regarding the placement of utensils and dishes on the table.
Table laying is an important part of hospitality and can help to create a welcoming and comfortable atmosphere for guests.
Importance of Table Laying
Table laying is the process of arranging tableware, cutlery, and other dining accessories in an orderly manner on a dining table. It is an essential part of setting up a dining table and has several important functions. Here are ten reasons why table laying is important:
- Aesthetics: Table laying adds beauty and elegance to a dining table. The way the table is arranged can enhance the dining experience, and the visual appeal can create a good impression on guests.
- Organization: Table laying helps organize the dining table, making it easier to serve food and drink to guests. It can also help avoid confusion and prevent mishaps during the meal.
- Etiquette: Proper table laying is a sign of good manners and etiquette. It shows that the host has made an effort to create a welcoming environment for their guests.
- Hygiene: A properly laid table can help maintain hygiene by keeping utensils and dishes organized and preventing cross-contamination.
- Functionality: Table laying can improve the functionality of the dining table. Proper placement of cutlery, plates, and glasses can make it easier for guests to eat and drink comfortably.
- Comfort: A well-laid table can create a comfortable environment for guests, allowing them to relax and enjoy the meal.
- Tradition: Table laying is an age-old tradition that has been passed down through generations. It is a symbol of hospitality and respect for guests.
- Ambience: The way a table is laid can create a certain ambience or mood for the meal. The use of candles, flowers or other decorative items can set the tone for the dining experience.
- Attention to detail: Table laying requires attention to detail and precision, which can be appreciated by guests. It shows that the host has put thought and effort into the meal.
- Culture: Table laying can be influenced by cultural traditions and customs. It can be a way to showcase one’s cultural heritage and create a unique dining experience for guests.
Guidelines and Processes of Table Laying
The table setting is an important aspect of any meal, whether it’s formal or informal. Here are some key points to keep in mind when setting the table:
- Determine the number of persons to be served and the menu before laying the table: It’s important to know how many people will be eating and what will be served before setting the table. This will help you decide how many covers you need and what type of tableware to use.
- Each person must have a cover: A cover refers to the place set for a person on the table mat, glass cup, side plate, and table napkin for each person. Make sure to provide a cover for each person.
- Make the table design simple and natural: The table design should be simple and natural, without too many decorations or clutter. This will make it easier for people to enjoy their meals without distractions.
- Choose and use colours and materials to achieve an attractive table design: Use colours and materials that complement the meal and create an attractive table setting.
- The table setting should complement the meal: The materials used for table setting should suit the type of meal and the method of serving it.
- Aim at the comfort and enjoyment of the people who are going to eat the food: Consider the comfort and enjoyment of the people who will be eating the food. Avoid high flower arrangements that could make conversation across the table awkward.
- When deciding where each cover is to be placed, consider the size and shape of the table as well as the convenience of serving.
- The dining room, table linen, and all other materials required for the meal must be properly cleaned.
- The pieces of cutlery should be placed fairly close together: This makes it easier for people to find the cutlery they need and ensures that there is enough space on the table for all the necessary items.
Materials for Table Setting
- Tablecloth: A tablecloth is a piece of cloth that is used to cover the table surface. It serves the purpose of protecting the table from spills and scratches while adding an aesthetic appeal to the table setting.
- Side plate: A side plate is a small plate that is placed to the left of the main plate. It is used to hold the bread, butter, salad, or any other small food item.
- Meat fork: A meat fork is a fork with long, pointed tines that are used to hold meat in place while cutting it. It is placed to the left of the main plate.
- Soup spoon: A soup spoon is a large spoon that is used to eat soup. It is placed to the right of the main plate, next to the knives.
- Tumbler or glass cup: A tumbler or glass cup is used for serving water, juice, or any other beverage. It is placed above the knife, on the right side of the table setting.
- Table napkin or serviette: A table napkin or serviette is a small piece of cloth or paper used to wipe the mouth and hands during a meal. It is placed to the left of the forks, either on the side plate or on the table.
- Placemats: Placemats are used to protect the table surface from spills and scratches. They also add an aesthetic appeal to the table setting.
- Bread knife: A bread knife is a serrated knife used to cut bread. It is placed on the side plate or on the table, above the forks.
- Meat knife: A meat knife is a large knife used to cut meat. It is placed to the right of the main plate, next to the soup spoon.
- Dessert spoon and fork: A dessert spoon and fork are used to eat dessert. They are placed above the main plate, with the spoon on top of the fork.
- Wine glass: A wine glass is used for serving wine. It is placed above and to the right of the tumbler or glass cup.
Procedure for Informal Table Setting
When it comes to family meals, it’s common to adopt an informal table setting. Typically consisting of two or three courses, a simple three-course meal might include soup as the first course, followed by a main dish such as jollof rice with beef, and a dessert such as fruit salad to finish.
To Set The Table
Set the table involves the following steps:
- Collecting the necessary items: Gather all the items you will need to set the table, such as plates, bowls, glasses, cutlery, napkins, tablecloth, placemats, and any other serving dishes or utensils.
- Lay the tablecloth: Spread the tablecloth on the table, ensuring that the centre fold of the cloth is aligned with the centre of the table. Pull down the edges of the cloth on each side, making sure it hangs evenly around the table.
- Add a centrepiece: A flower arrangement, candle, or any decorative item can be placed at the centre of the table to add colour and enhance the visual appeal.
- Place placemats: Place placemats for each guest, ensuring that there is enough space for each person and for the serving dishes.
- Set the cutlery: Starting from the outside and working in, place the cutlery for each course of the meal. For example, the cutlery for the first course should be placed on the outside of the setting, followed by the main course cutlery and dessert cutlery.
- Set the plates and glasses: Place the plates in the center of each placemat and the glasses to the right of the plates.
- Add the napkins: Fold the napkins and place them on top of the plates, or tuck them under the cutlery.