Back to: Jss2 Agricultural Science (PVS)
Topic: Farm Animal Viral diseases
Farm Animal Viral diseases
Farm animal viral diseases are caused by viruses that infect animals, including domestic and wild animals. These diseases can have significant impacts on animal health, as well as on the agricultural industry and public health. Some common modes of transmission of animal viral diseases include direct contact between animals, contact with contaminated surfaces, and insect bites.
Symptoms of animal viral diseases can vary depending on the specific virus and the animal species affected. Common symptoms may include fever, lethargy, respiratory symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms, and neurological symptoms. In some cases, animal viral diseases can be fatal.
There are a variety of methods used to control animal viral diseases, including vaccination, quarantine and isolation, and improved sanitation practices. Vaccination is a particularly important method of control, as it can help prevent the spread of viral diseases within animal populations. Quarantine and isolation can also be effective in preventing the spread of viral diseases, particularly in cases where infected animals have been identified. Improved sanitation practices, such as disinfection of surfaces and equipment, can also help reduce the risk of viral transmission.
The impact on animal health, animal viral diseases can also have economic and public health implications. Outbreaks of viral diseases can lead to significant losses for farmers and other agricultural producers, as well as impact trade and international relations. Some animal viruses can also be transmitted to humans, either directly through contact with infected animals or indirectly through contaminated food or water. Therefore, preventing and controlling animal viral diseases is an important public health concern as well.
The tabbe below show animal viral deases with their mode of transmission, methods of control and symptoms
|Disease||Mode of Transmission||Methods of Control||Symptoms|
|African Swine Fever||Contact with infected pigs, ticks||Biosecurity measures, vaccination||Fever, skin lesions, anorexia|
|Avian Influenza||Contact with infected birds or their feces, contaminated surfaces||Biosecurity measures, culling infected birds, vaccination||Fever, respiratory symptoms, decreased egg production|
|Bluetongue||Biting midges||Vaccination, control of midges||Fever, oral and nasal discharge, difficulty breathing|
|Bovine Papillomatosis||Contact with infected cattle, mechanical transmission||No specific treatment, or control of insects||Warts on the skin and mucous membranes|
|Classical Swine Fever||Contact with infected pigs, contaminated feed or objects||Biosecurity measures, vaccination||Fever, lethargy, skin lesions|
|Foot-and-Mouth Disease||Contact with infected animals, contaminated surfaces, ingestion of contaminated food||Quarantine measures, vaccination||Fever, blisters on mouth and hooves|
|Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis||Contact with infected cattle, contaminated surfaces||Quarantine measures, vaccination||Respiratory symptoms, fever, decreased milk production|
|Infectious Bronchitis||Contact with infected birds, aerosols||Quarantine measures, vaccination||Respiratory symptoms, decreased egg production|
|Newcastle Disease||Contact with infected birds, contaminated surfaces, aerosols||Quarantine measures, vaccination||Respiratory symptoms, diarrhea, nervous signs|
|Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea||Contact with infected pigs, contaminated faeces||Biosecurity measures, vaccination||Diarrhoea, vomiting, dehydration|
|Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome||Contact with infected pigs, contaminated surfaces, aerosols||Biosecurity measures, vaccination||Reproductive failure, respiratory symptoms|
|Rabies||Bite of an infected animal, infected saliva on open wounds||Vaccination, avoid contact with infected animals||Nervous signs, aggression, paralysis|
|Rift Valley Fever||Contact with infected animals, mosquitoes||Vaccination, control of mosquitoes||Fever, muscle pain, liver damage|
|Swine Influenza||Contact with infected pigs, aerosols||Biosecurity measures, vaccination||Respiratory symptoms, fever|
|Vesicular Stomatitis||Contact with infected animals, contaminated surfaces||Quarantine measures, vaccination||Blisters on mouth, feet, and udder|
|West Nile Virus||Mosquito bites, infected birds||Mosquito control, vaccination||Fever, neurological signs|
|African Horse Sickness||Biting midges||Vaccination, control of midges||Fever, respiratory symptoms, swelling of head and neck|
|Equine Infectious Anemia||Contact with infected horses, contaminated instruments||Quarantine measures, testing, no vaccine||Anaemia, fever, weight loss|
|Equine Encephalitis||Mosquito bites, infected birds or horses||Mosquito control, vaccination||Neurological signs, fever|
|Feline Immunodeficiency Virus||Bite wounds, the infected mother cat||No cure, avoid contact with infected cats||The suppressed immune system, weight loss|
|Feline Leukemia Virus||Contact with infected cats, infected bodily fluids||Vaccination, avoid contact with infected cats||Anaemia, cancer, immune suppression|
|Canine Distemper||Contact with infected dogs, aerosols||Vaccination, quarantine measures||Respiratory symptoms, nervous signs|
|Canine Parvovirus||Contact with infected dogs, contaminated faeces||Vaccination, disinfection of contaminated areas||Diarrhoea, vomiting, dehydration|
|Canine Rabies||Bite of an infected animal, infected saliva on open wounds|