Back to: Jss2 Social Studies (NVE)
Topic: Harmful Substances
WEEK: 5 & 6
Harmful substances are ubiquitous in our environment, and their presence can have significant impacts on human health and the ecosystem. These substances may be chemical, physical, or biological in nature, and can enter our bodies through various means, such as ingestion, inhalation, or skin contact. Harmful substances can cause acute or chronic health problems, ranging from minor irritations to serious illnesses and even death. The identification and management of harmful substances is an essential aspect of public health and environmental protection, and efforts are ongoing to regulate and mitigate their effects. This introduction will provide an overview of the meaning of harmful substances,examples, effects and consequences and more
Meaning of Harmful substances
Harmful substances refer to any food, water, fruits, or drugs that are unsuitable for human consumption due to the presence of harmful elements or chemicals. These substances can also include contaminated food, drinks and drugs that can cause significant harm to the body and negatively affect one’s health. Consumption of such substances can lead to various health problems such as food poisoning, water-borne diseases, allergic reactions, and other related illnesses. In the case of drugs, harmful substances can refer to the presence of dangerous and addictive chemicals that can cause both physical and psychological harm to the individual using them. It is important for individuals to be aware of the potential dangers of harmful substances and take steps to avoid their consumption in order to maintain good health and wellbeing. This can involve being mindful of food and drink choices, carefully reading labels and packaging, and seeking professional medical advice before taking any medication or drugs.
Examples of Harmful Substances
- Stale Food: This refers to food that has lost its freshness and has become old and dry and is no longer good for consumption.
- Poorly Cooked Food: This is food that has not been cooked properly or well enough, leaving it undercooked or partially raw which may result in food poisoning.
- Rotten Foods: These are foods that have spoiled to the extent of growing mould, emitting a foul odour, and changing colour, making them unfit for human consumption.
- Infested Foods: This refers to food that has been contaminated by insects or animals, such as houseflies or rodents, making them hazardous to human health.
- Expired Foods, Drugs or Drinks: These are items that have stayed longer than their shelf-life, making them unfit and dangerous for consumption.
- Unripe Fruits: These are fruits that are not matured or not ripe for consumption, which may cause digestive problems and other health issues.
- Impure Water: This refers to water that is not safe for drinking due to pollution, contamination, or other harmful substances that can cause health problems such as diarrhoea, cholera, and other water-borne diseases.
- Mouldy foods: Foods that have been contaminated by mould and may cause allergic reactions or illness if consumed.
- Toxic substances: Chemicals and other substances that are harmful to humans if ingested, inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
- Adulterated foods: Foods that have been deliberately contaminated with harmful substances or diluted with inferior ingredients to increase profit margins.
- Contaminated utensils: Eating or drinking with utensils that have not been properly cleaned can lead to the spread of harmful bacteria and other microorganisms.
- Genetically modified foods: Foods that have been genetically altered in a laboratory, often with the intention of improving their nutritional value or pest resistance. Some people are concerned that consuming genetically modified foods may have negative health effects, though this is a subject of ongoing debate among scientists.
Ways of Preventing Intake of Harmful Substances
- Refrain from consuming foods that have lost their freshness or have become stale.
- Ensure that your meals are adequately cooked and not undercooked.
- Steer clear of contaminated foods and drinks that have been exposed to dirt and other harmful substances.
- Do not consume expired items such as food and drugs as they may no longer be safe for human consumption.
- Always check the expiration dates of packaged foods and drugs before consuming them to avoid the risk of consuming harmful substances. It is crucial to discard items
- Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before eating.
- Keep your food storage area clean and free from pests.
- Store food properly in the fridge or cupboard to prevent spoilage and contamination.
- Be cautious when eating at food establishments and ensure the food is fresh and properly prepared.
- Boil or purify water from unknown sources before drinking.