Back to: Jss1 Cultural and Creative Art (C.C.A)
Topic: Introduction to Colour
WEEK: 8 & 9
Meaning of Colour
Colour is seen in many different ways. When light hits an item and is reflected back to the eyes, the result is what is known as colour. Colour is seen by painters as the pigment or hue. According to scientists, colour is created when white light breaks down and reflects across a spectrum. The colours that surround us are really the local colours of the objects.
Classification Of Colours
Primary colours are the fundamental colours that cannot be created by combining any other colours. Red, yellow, and blue make up the three basic colour.
Colors that resulted from the equal blending of two primary colours are known as secondary colours. A secondary colour is created by mixing two primary colours in an exact ratio. Below are some examples:
RED + YELLOW= ORANGE
BLUE + RED = PURPLE OR VIOLET
BLUE + YELLOW = GREEN
tertiary colours are created when two secondary colours are combined.
intermediate colours are created by combining a main colour with a nearby secondary colour.
Colors that are in the same family are considered harmonious. They may work nicely together in a painting since they are closely linked. Analogous colour is another name for harmonious colour.
On the colour wheel, complementary colours are those that are in opposition to one another. A primary and secondary colour pair well together. Below are some examples:
RED is complimentary to GREEN
BLUE is complimentary to ORANGE
YELLOW is complimentary to PURPLE OR VIOLET
White and black are examples of neutral colours, which are independent colours. Grey, or ash, is created when white and black are combined. To brighten and darken other colours, neutral colours may be introduced. White mixed with colour forms a tint while Black mixed with colour forms a shade.