Drama is a life-like imitation. It is a compilation of human endeavours. A dramatic work or literature is intended for theatre performance. Wizard of Law by Zulu Sofola, The Lion and the Jewel by Wole Soyinka, and The Gods Are Not to Blame by Ola Rotimi are a few examples of drama.

Meaning of Drama and Theatre

Drama is also the act or process of a cast of actors telling a tale to an audience in order to amuse, enlighten, and educate them via actions, verbal expression, and body language. Drama is a playwright’s effort to artificially represent real-world occurrences. Drama is the recreation of a performance. Drama first appeared in Greece, when plays were presented on stage in historic Greek theatres. Greek actor’s word “dran” is where drama gets its name.


A theatre is a structure or location where actors perform live theatrical productions on stage in front of a seated audience. A theatre is a structure created specifically for stage plays and other related types of entertainment, such as live dance performances and musical performances.

Meaning of Drama and TheatrePeople Involve in Drama and Theatre

A drama play becomes a theatre when it is performed on stage using theatrical action, costume, stage props, scenery, and make-up in front of an audience. Theatre, then, is a combination of action, movement, costume, make-up, scenery, and stage props performed in front of a live audience. Theatre is another name for the structure, plaza, or auditorium where acting is performed. Examples include the state-owned Cultural Centers in Ibadan and the National Arts Theatre in Lagos, Nigeria. Abeokuta, Minna, Akure, etc.


This is the person who is in charge of composing plays. He or she creates plays for stage production. Wole Soyinka, Femi Osofisan, and Ahmed Yerima are three examples.

Director: This individual manages the play’s development through the final production stage. He oversees all of the operations and gives instructions to all other play participants, including the performers and designers.


An actor is a person who dramatises what is written in a play on stage in line with the playwright’s instructions and the director’s guidance.


These professionals are responsible for the play’s production’s artistic attractiveness and adornment. They create the costumes for the performers, as well as the lighting, scenery, and costumes.

Audience: Without an audience, a play cannot be produced. The individuals that see the performance are referred to as the audience.

The Functions Of Drama

Drama has a number of advantages that may be acquired from it. The advantages and/or functions define how theatre affects society. A few of the functions include: 

1. Education: Drama teaches morality and values. It instructs and educates individuals on how to behave properly in society.

2. Information: Drama is a crucial and successful tool for educating the public. This clarifies the significance of the audience. After a performance, the audience is supposed to leave the theatre having learned more.

3. Entertainment: One of the best methods to keep people engaged is via drama. The greatest kinds of plays for this are comedies. The Trials of Brotherjero by Wole Soyinka is one illustration.

4. Drama may be therapeutic by addressing the mind. It is used to treat illnesses, particularly mental illnesses. It has the power to transport viewers to a world of imagination, where their tension will be released.

5. Development: Drama may be composed expressly to tackle social concerns that will bring about a change or development. This is referred to as Theatre for development.”

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