Back to: Jss2 Security Education (NVE)
Topic: Observing and Reporting Crimes
WEEK: 1 & 2
Observing and Reporting Crimes
Patriotic persons have a duty to observe and report crimes. They contribute to the eradication of severe crimes in society.
The following are some methods for observing and reporting crimes in our society. Failing to do so will not only reward crime but also raise its rate of it.
1. By telephone call
2. communicating through email; 3. notifying media organisations
4. Sending an anonymous letter, and 5. stopping by a police station
6. Online social networking
WEEK 3 & 4
Importance of Reporting and Observing Crimes
1. It reduces criminal behaviours; by helping to catch offenders and punish them, reporting crimes prevents repeat offenders and other criminals from committing further crimes.
2. it helps understand the trend of crime in a certain region; for example, if four or five persons in a single neighbourhood report robberies within a month, the police are more likely to pay attention to that area.
3. It contributes to making society crime-free; reporting crime helps eradicate crime and promotes communal harmony.
4. It inspires the security personnel to work well; as the police cannot be everywhere at once, providing helpful information about crimes aids in their efficient operation.
5. It gives compelling evidence against offenders in court; your notes or information provided to police serves as proof against the criminal;
6. It facilitates the provision of crucial information about a crime.
7. It encourages attempts to eradicate crime
8. It assists in saving a victim.
Common Crime in The School
The following are some of the most prevalent school crimes:
4. Examination malpractice.
8. Drug abuse
9. Physical attack with or without a weapon
Poverty, parental neglect, poor self-esteem, and alcohol and drug misuse are all factors that contribute to pupils breaking school rules and regulations.
Common Crimes in Our Environment
The following are some of the most common crimes in society, as well as the punishments associated with them:
This is the act of stealing another person’s property; it involves taking another person’s stuff without his or her permission; for example, if a student steals his or her colleague’s biro or book without permission, it is theft.
Causes of Theft
1. lack of contentment
2. craving for money and materialism
4. kleptomania 5. social group pressure
Effects of Theft
1. It tarnishes a good reputation
2. It invites severe penalties
3. it causes difficulty for the victim 4. it may result in significant financial loss for the victim.
Punishment for Theft
Depending on the magnitude of the offence, the punishment takes many forms.
1. life in prison
2. seven years in jail
3. three years in prison
4. Twenty years in jail.
The primary legal penalty for stealing is jail. The court determines the number of months or years served in jail based on what was taken and how it was stolen. Some persons in the Islamic court system [Sharia] may lose their hand or leg for stealing.
WEEK 7 & 8
Consequences of common crimes at school
The majority of common school crime has serious repercussions, some of which are as follows:
1. school dropouts: a student who drops out before finishing a course of education.
2. expulsion: expulsion indicates that a student is permanently barred from attending school. Expulsion occurs when a student is permanently expelled from school and instructed never to return due to his bad behaviour.
3. emotional distress
5. imprisonment, etc.
Causes of Crime in Our Society
1. POVERTY: This is perhaps one of the most tangible reasons individuals commit crimes.
2. Peer pressure: This is a new issue in today’s environment and is frequent among students. Many young individuals commit crimes because they observe many of their peers doing so. It is typical for high school students to indulge in narcotics, cannabis, marijuana, and other illegal activities.
6. Family situation
7. The community
9. An unjust judicial system
As a student, it is essential to avoid crime; the world cannot distinguish between wants and desires. Even if you have less money for survival, you should be content with it rather than eager to immerse yourself in the pool of crime.
WEEK 8 & 9
Skills Needed in Observing Crime
The following skills are required for crime detection:
1. Be cool; to get important information from an occurrence, you must be peaceful. If you are tense, you may not be able to conduct a comprehensive investigation and obtain helpful information.
2. Be aware; Remember yourself; anything may happen at the scene, so while you are making your observations, either writing them down or photographing the occurrence with your phone, be ready to leap or flee if required.
3. Take down essential documents: get information on the critical person in charge of the crime. Get information on items that may readily identify persons, such as clothing descriptions, hair colour, weight, height, etc.
4. Be patient; do not be impatient or rush to get information and leave.
5. Pay attention to your surroundings; this is crucial to understand how your activities impact the occurrence you’ve come to report.
6. Be conscious of how others respond
7. Take notes on people’s reactions and conduct during the event.