The act of expressing oneself on a surface via the application of colour is what is known as painting. This may take the shape of a still life, an outdoor scene, a natural setting, or a painting inspired by your imagination.

Painting and Production of Patterns

Materials Needed For Painting

  1. A painting requires a surface to be painted on, 
  2. A painting requires a surface to be painted on, 
  3. a brush of varying size
  4. a colour component (either wet or dry), 
  5. either oil or water as the medium for painting.
  6. Basic Brush Techniques

Gradient Blending

The process of blending two colours in a gradient value or tone from one colour to the other using the highlight, mid-tone, and shadow principles is referred to as “gradient blending.”

Wet on Wet

This is a painting method that involves applying the paint in numerous layers while it is still wet. This method may be used in a painting in order to produce a slow evolution of colour, to modify the tones and strength of the colour being used, or to achieve another colour in the mix.


This is a method that involves impactfully placing the brush on the surface in such a manner that causes the bristles to spread out, and then rotating the brush in a variety of movements that are both compact and circular in order to produce the appearance of a range of brush strokes.


This is a technique that is quite similar to the wet-on-wet painting method in that it uses numerous layers of paint or various colours.

Painting Medium

A material that is utilized by an artist in the process of painting with the use of a tool is referred to as a painting medium. Painting may be created using a single medium or a multitude of mediums depending on the subject matter and the interpretation of the artist.

Poster colour, watercolour, pastel, acrylic, ink, tempera, and oil are all types of painting mediums that may be used.

 General Principles of Painting (Poster and Water Colour)

1. Position yourself such that you are holding the brush at the end of the handle so that you can move your whole arm.

2. Make use of the bright, medium, and dark variations of the tone.

3. When painting, you should always start with a broad brush and go on to a smaller brush for the finishing touches.

4. The correct mixing of colours is required in order to achieve the bright and dark tones that are necessary for painting.

5. When you switch colours, don’t forget to clean the paintbrush you’re using.

Production of Patterns

A pattern is a decorative motif that is repeated in some way. It is the deliberate and methodical placement of different forms, colors, and motifs inside a certain area in order to accomplish a particular goal. It may be thought of as the plan or method by which many forms and things are combined to make a composition. When creating works of art, ornamentation or visual motifs are sometimes combined and repeated to generate patterns with the intention of eliciting a certain response from the audience.

Types of Pattern

Simple Repeat Pattern

This concept is also sometimes referred to as translation pauerns. The motif is simply used to create a pattern that is repeated over and over again in this kind of design, which may either be horizontal or vertical. The motif is repeated halfway down the side in the vertical direction when the design has a half drop repeat, which is another name for this sort of repeat pattern. The design on a half drop cloth is often rather huge. On either side of the cloth roll, the design does not match perfectly; instead, it matches every other drop. A mirror repeat pattern is a form of repeat pattern in which the design is repeated in the opposite direction each time.

Diamond Repeat Pattern

This pattern is shaped like a diamond. The design is not exactly aligned vertically and horizontally; rather, it has a diamond-like staggered appearance.

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